The Battle of the Yalu:
Comparative Fleet Strengths

The Chinese Fleet

Ships' Names Displacement
(tons)
Armor
(in inches)
Guns Torpedo Discharges Speed, knots
On belt On turret, barbette or battery
Ting Yuen
Chen Yuen
7,340 14 12 Four 12.2", two 6", 12 machine guns 3 14.5
Lai Yuen
King Yuen
2,850 9 8 Two 8", two 6", 8 machine guns 4 15.0
Ping Yuen 2,850 8 5 One 12.2" Krupp, two 6", 8 machine guns 4 12.0
Chih Yuen
Ching Yuen
2,300 0 0 Three 8.4", two 6", 16 machine guns 4 18.0
Tsi Yuen 2,355 0 6 Two 8.4", one 6", 10 machine guns 4 15.0
Chao Yung
Yang Wei
1,350 0 0 Two 10", four 40-pounders, 7 machine guns 0 16.0
Kwang Ping 1,030 0 (a) Three 4.7" quick-firing, 8 machine guns 4 16.5
Kwan Chia 1,300 0 0 Three 6", four 5", 8 machine guns 0 15.0
Note: Upon the outbreak of hostilities both nations strengthened their ships' armament. I have given the armament of both Japanese and Chinese ships as they were on September 17, 1894, to the best of my knowledge and recollection, but complete accuracy is not claimed.
P. N. McG.
(a) Hull partly of wood.

 

The Japanese Fleet

Ships' Names Displacement
(tons)
Armor
(in inches)
Guns Torpedo Discharges Speed, knots
On belt On turret, barbette or battery
Matsushima 4,277 0 12 One 13", eleven 5", five 6pdr quick-firing, eleven 3-pdr quick-firing, 6 machine guns 4 17.5
Itsukushima 4,277 0 12 One 13", eleven 5", five 6pdr quick-firing, eleven 3-pdr quick-firing, 6 machine guns 4 17.5
Hasidate 4,277 0 12 One 13", eleven 5" quick-firing, six 3-pdr quick-firing, 15 machine guns 4 17.5
Chiyoda 2,450 4.5 0 Ten 5" quick-firing, fourteen 4.7" quick-firing, 13 machine guns 3 19.0
Fuso 3,718 7 9 Four 9", two 7", 8 machine guns 0 13.2
Hiyei 2,200 4 (b) Three 7", six 6" 0 13.0
Takachiho 3,650 0 0 Two 10", six 6", 12 machine guns 4 18.7
Yoshino 4,150 0 0 Four 6" quick-firing, eighteen 4.7" quick-firing, twenty-two 6- and 3-pdr quick-firing   23.0
Naniwa 3,650 0 0 Two 10", six 6", 12 machine guns 5 18.7
Akitsushima 3,150 0 0 One 13", twelve 5" quick-firing, 10 MG 4 19.0
Akagi 615 0 0 One 9", four 5", 10 machine guns 4 12.0
Saikio Maru -- 0 0 "Fitted with quick-firing guns as a cruiser" 0 ~16.5
 (b) Hull composite



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