Constant attention to duty enjoined on all.
All persons in the navy are to be constant in their attention to their duties, never absenting themselves therefrom without the consent of their immediate commanding officer, nor remaining out of the vessels to which they may belong during the night, after the watch is set, without express permission to that effect from the commander of the vessel, or from the commander-in-chief of the fleet or squadron.
Officers to conduct themselves with respect to their superiors.
All persons of the navy shall conduct themselves with respect to their superiors, and show every proper attention to those under their orders, having due regard to their situation; and all officers are required to set an example of morality, subordination, and attention to duty.
If an inferior feels himself aggrieved.
If an officer shall consider himself oppressed
by his superior, or observe any misconduct in him, he is not, on that account,
to fail in his respect to him; but he is to represent, through the proper
channel, such oppression or misconduct to the captain of the vessel, or
commander of the yard, to the commander-in-chief of the fleet or squadron, or to
the Secretary of the Navy, in the manner prescribed for official correspondence.
If any person knows of any fraud.
If any person belonging to the navy shall know
of any fraud, collusion, or improper conduct in any agent, contractor, or other
person employed in matters connected with the naval service, he shall report the
same in writing, through the prescribed channel, to the proper officer, or to
the Navy Department. But he
must in all cases specify the particular acts of misconduct or collusion, and
state the means of proving the same; and he will be held strictly accountable
for any frivolous or vexatious charges he may exhibit.
If an officer shall receive an order contrary to his instructions.
If an officer shall receive an order from his
superior contrary to any particular order of any other superior, or to the
instructions or general orders from the department, he shall respectfully
represent (in writing when practicable) such contrariety to the superior officer
from whom he shall have received the last order; and if, after such
representation, the superior officer shall still insist upon the execution of
his order, the officer is to obey him, and report the circumstances to the
officer from whom he received the original order, if practicable.
If an officer is diverted from any duty.
Every officer who shall divert another from
any service upon which he may be ordered by a common superior, or require him to
act contrary to the orders of such common superior, or interfere with those
under his command, must show to the department, or to the officer under whose
order he may be acting, that the public interests required it.
Orders countermanding other orders to be given in writing.
All orders countermanding a written order from
a common superior shall be given in writing, when practicable.
No person to exchange with another for the performance of any duty.
No person in the navy shall, without having
obtained authority from his superior or commanding officer, exchange with
another for the performance of a duty with which he is charged.
When a commander of a fleet or single vessel meets with his superior.
When any officer in command of a fleet,
squadron, or single ship shall meet with his superior or senior officer, also in
command, he shall wait on him, show him his orders or instructions, and consider
himself under his command while he
is in his presence. But if
the superior shall give him an order at all at variance with his intended
course, and if he shall have sealed or secret orders, he shall at once make it
known to such superior officer, who will not then interfere with his command,
unless it be absolutely necessary for the public service; and in that case his
original instructions are to be fulfilled as soon thereafter as practicable, and
a full report made to the authority by which they were issued.
No deviation allowed in armament or equipment.
No deviation is to be made from the directions
which the Navy Department may issue in relation to the construction, repair,
arrangement, armament, and equipment of vessels, without its previous sanction,
except in cases of absolute necessity occurring out of the Confederate States;
and in such cases the alteration, and the effects produced by it, and the
expense attending it, are to be reported to the department as soon thereafter as
To avoid unnecessary expenditures.
Every officer is strictly enjoined to avoid
all unnecessary expenditures of public moneys or stores; and, as far as may be
in his power, to prevent the same in others, and to encourage the strictest
economy that may be consistent with the interests of the service; and all
persons in the navy will be answerable for any wasteful or improper expense
which they may direct or authorize.
No public stores to be appropriated to private use.
No article of public stores is ever to be
appropriated to the private use of any person not in distress, without the
consent of the Navy Department, or by order of the senior officer present in
command, who shall give the earliest information to the department of the
circumstances, and shall be careful to take the best security which the nature
of the case will admit, so that the articles or their value may be refunded to
the Confederate States.
Mechanics on board ships on foreign stations allowed to repair merchant vessels.
Mechanics on board ships on foreign stations
may be allowed to repair vessels belonging to the merchant service of the
Confederate States in cases where a refusal to do so would of necessity impose
injurious delays, or greatly increase the expenses upon the merchant vessel. In such cases the mechanics may
receive such compensation as the owner, consignee, or master of such merchant
vessel shall chose to give, and their commander shall consider fair and proper.
No officer to receive compensation.
No officer in the navy, in like cases, shall
either claim or receive any compensation whatever.
Gratuitous assistance to be given, when.
In all cases of distress gratuitous assistance
is to be given, as heretofore, to the fullest extent practicable.
No person in the navy to be interested in procuring supplies.
All persons employed in the navy, or for naval
purposes, are strictly prohibited from having any interest in purchases or
contracts for supplies of any kind for the navy, or in any works appertaining to
it; neither shall they receive any emolument or gratuity of any kind from any
contractor or other person furnishing supplies, either directly or indirectly,
nor act as agent or attorney for any contractor on account of purchases,
contracts, or works for the navy or for naval purposes.
Tattoos to be beaten and colors to be hoisted, when.
When the sun sets at or after six o’clock,
the tattoo shall be beat at nine o’clock in the evening, and the colors be
hoisted at eight o’clock in the morning; and when it sets before six
o’clock, the tattoo shall be beat at eight o’clock in the evening, and the
colors shall be hoisted at nine o’clock in the morning.
Lights and fires to be extinguished, when.
All fires and lights, except those necessary
for the service of the vessel, or especially allowed by the commanding officer,
shall be extinguished at tattoo, excepting the lights used by the commission
officers, which shall be extinguished at ten p.m., and those used by warrant
officers, which shall be extinguished at nine p.m., unless otherwise directed or
allowed in special cases by the commanding officer of the vessel.
When criminal process is issued by civil authority.
In the execution of criminal process issued by
civil authorities, officers are to furnish active assistance within their
commands when legally required.
No person to be discharged without order, from whom.
No commander of a vessel of the navy whilst
absent from the Confederate States is ever to discharge from the naval service
any petty officer, seaman, ordinary seaman, landsman, marine, fireman, coal
heaver, or boy, except by order of the Secretary of the Navy, or the sentence of
a court martial, or as provided for in Article 21 and whenever men are so
discharged a report of all the circumstances attending the same must be made to
the department, and information at once given to the nearest consul of the
Confederate States, that he may regulate his conduct towards the person
discharged with a full knowledge of the facts.
Enlisted men whose terms of service have expired while on a foreign station may be discharged.
Petty officers, seamen, ordinary seamen,
landsmen, marines, firemen, coal heavers, and boys, whose terms of service may
expire on a foreign station, may be discharged by order of the senior officer
present, at their request, if the interests of the public service will admit of
When persons are found unfit for service.
Whenever, in the opinion of the commander of a
vessel of the navy, any person of her crew is unfit for service, he shall report
the same to the senior officer in command, whose duty it shall be to order a
survey to be held upon such person by one or more medical officers, three if
practicable, who shall examine the person and report upon his condition, and, if
found “unfit for service,” shall state as far as practicable the nature and
origin of his disability; the report of the survey to be transmitted in
duplicate to the Secretary of the Navy, or to the commander-in-chief of the
fleet or squadron for decision.
Enlisted persons may be discharged, when.
Persons enlisted for the naval service, and
serving on board vessels within the Confederate States, may be discharged from
service by order of the commander of the vessel or of the station, for either of
the following reasons: expiration of service, or unfitness for service from
causes ascertained by survey to have existed prior to enlistment.
No person to be transferred from one vessel to another in the Confederate States, unless.
No commander of a vessel of the navy, when in
the Confederate States, is ever to transfer any person belonging to his vessel
to any other vessel or station, unless by authority of the Secretary of the
Navy; nor shall transfers of officers from one vessel to another vessel of the
same squadron be made on foreign service, unless the interests of the public
service imperatively require it.
Accounts of persons transferred.
When any person shall be transferred from one
vessel, navy yard, or station, to any other vessel, navy yard, or station, or to
any prize, the commander of the vessel, navy yard, or station, from which such
person may be sent shall take care that he is accompanied by a correct statement
of his account duly signed by the paymaster and himself
Gambling and drunkenness prohibited.
Gambling and drunkenness is strictly
prohibited on board the vessels of the navy and in the navy yards.
Officers incurring debts upon a foreign station.
Should any officer of the navy so far forget
what is due to his own honor, and to the honor of the service of which he is a
member, as to incur debts upon a foreign station which the pay then due to him,
or his other immediate resources will not enable him to discharge; or if he
should leave any foreign port without first paying every debt which he may have
incurred, and it should come to the knowledge of the captain or commander of the
vessel, it shall be the duty of such captain or commanding officer to make
report of the facts and circumstances to the commander of the squadron if on a
foreign station, or to the Secretary of the Navy if within the Confederate
States, that a court martial may be ordered, or such other course adopted as the
circumstances of the case and the honor of the service may require.
Officers to advise the department of their address.
Officers of the navy not on duty will keep the
department at all times advised of their address.
On being detached, to advise the department of address and change of residence.
Officers on being detached from duty, will
immediately inform the department of their intended place of residence; and
notice must be given of any contemplated change before such change shall have
To acknowledge receipt of orders.
Officers will promptly acknowledge the receipt
of orders, and inform the department immediately on their having reported in
obedience to them.
Officers traveling, &c., to communicate useful information to the government.
Officers on foreign service, or traveling in
foreign countries, shall communicate to the commander-in-chief of the squadron,
or to the Secretary of the Navy, any information they may acquire that will be
useful to the government of the Confederate States.
When two or more vessels meet.
When two or more vessels, whether belonging to
the same squadron or not, shall meet, the motions of the ship commanded by the
senior officer shall be followed by the others.
Boats to carry national flag.
In foreign ports, and in communicating with
foreign vessels, every boat will carry the national ensign, unless otherwise
ordered by the commanding officer.
All important orders to officer of the deck at night to be given in writing.
All important orders to the officer of the
deck, for the duties of the vessel during the night, whether given by the
captain or by the executive officer must be in writing.
Every officer of the navy is enjoined to discourage dueling.
Every officer of the navy is enjoined to
discourage dueling, and should he have reason to believe that a duel is likely
to occur, in which naval officers are to be participants, it shall be his duty,
all other means failing, to report it to his commanding officer.
If an officer is promoted while in command.
If any officer shall, while in command of a
vessel on foreign service, be promoted to a higher rank, he is not on that
account to be removed from his command or position, until instructions shall be
received from the Secretary of the Navy.
Money, plate, jewels, or other treasure, may be.
Money, plate, jewels, or other treasure, may
be, and if the property of citizens of the Confederate States, if in jeopardy,
shall, on demand, be received on board any vessel of the Confederate Navy, on
freight or for safe keeping, but no per centage shall be received from the
shippers, or owners of said treasure.
Combinations of officers or others prohibited.
Combinations of officers or others for the
purposes of remonstrating against the orders of a superior, or complaining of
the details of duty or of service, are strictly forbidden. If an individual believes that he
has cause to complain or remonstrate, he may do so either in writing or
personally; but any combination of two or more in such complaint or remonstrance
is to be considered insubordinate and factious, and may be punished at the
discretion of a court martial. No
person is to delay obedience to an order for the purpose of remonstrating or
Demand for the delivery of a deserter.
If a deserter from any vessel of the
Confederate States shall take refuge on board a foreign vessel of war, the
senior officer present shall make a formal demand for his delivery; but if the
demand shall be refused, he shall not resort to force whatever may be his
strength, but shall report the circumstances to his government.
Parties of twenty or upwards to be commanded by a lieutenant or master.
Every party detailed for duty out of the ship,
or shore, or elsewhere, shall, when the party consists of twenty men or more, be
commanded by an officer not below the rank of lieutenant or master.
Officers’ duties are not limited to those prescribed in these regulations, but are promptly to obey all orders.
Notwithstanding there are particular duties
prescribed for different officers by these regulations, yet it is not intended
to limit their duties to those specified, but they are promptly to obey all
orders which they may receive from their commanding officers, who are required
to take care that every officer performs his duties and obeys all legal orders
in a proper manner.
Offenders to be reported.
Any officer who may witness or be cognizant of
any crime or misdemeanor on the part of any person in the navy, is to report the
same to the proper authority, not secretly, but informing the person reported of
his having done so in obedience to the law.
The use of sheath-knives on board ship is strictly forbidden. Jack-knives shall be worn with lanyards and in fobs.
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